The International Association for the Study of Pain defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience arising from actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage.” Pain is a significant global problem which may be acute, chronic or intermittent in nature. Gender differences have been reported with respect to the prevalence of pain. Women are more prone to unwelcome pain than men.
Pain may be sharp or dull, it can be constant or may come and go. Due to this, you may feel pain in one area of your body such as back, chest, abdomen, pelvis or you may feel pain all over similar to what happens during muscle ache. Pain obstructs the quality of life. Pains are usually curable with proper medication and expert advice. Most of the time, it tends to stay for weeks, months and even years. This is where your pain turns into chronic pain.
Prevalence of pain can be seen as 1 in 5 people suffer from pain every year. While 1 in 10 people are diagnosed with chronic pain. Pain affects the entire demographics, irrespective of the age, gender, geographic location or ethnicity. Surprisingly, the burden of pain is significantly high in the developing countries as compared to people from the low socioeconomic sector, people with mental illness, and women.
Pain is usually perceived as a symptom of any other medical condition or may occur as a medical condition itself. It can be classified as nociceptive and neuropathic. Women have a greater threshold for pain and possess greater analgesic sensitivity. A pain which lasts for a period of 1-week affects women more than men. Thus, women are more vulnerable to long-lasting pain than men.
The most difficult part is when women suffer from an even unpredictable type of pain known as the unspecified and vague body pain. Unspecified and vague body pain can be caused due to Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome and Osteoporosis. The unspecified and vague body pain is very common and it generally affects 50-60% of the female population above the age of 25 years. It is increasingly becoming a big problem for physicians across the globe since it has no particular diagnostic method.